I ♥ Appliqué
Posted by deonnstott on Monday, February 13th, 2012
Lesson I ~ Raw-Edge Machine Appliqué Basics
Ap`pli`que´ = (ăp'lĭ-kā') Definition: Appliqué literally means "to put on" in French and is a technique used to decorate the surface of fabric by applying pieces of cut fabric by sewing or embroidering around the edges.
Let's have some fun today, exploring a few fun options "to put on" some quilty ♥s! Oh, and by the way, Happy Valentine's Day!
- Sewing Machine, basic sewing kit
- Foundation fabric or item
- Fabric for appliqué piece(s)
- Paper scissors
- Good fabric-cutting scissors
- Matching thread
- Freezer Paper
- Fusible Web
- Spray Starch or Starch Powder
- Spray Adhesive
- Glue Stick or other fabric glue
- Mylar Pressing Sheet or Parchment Paper
- Stiff bristle brush
STEP 1) Choose a Pattern
STEP 2) Prepare the Shape
FUSIBLE WEB: (Lite Steam a Seam II, Heat n Bond Lite, Wonder Under, etc.) Make sure you pick a product that states “sewable.” The pattern is traced in REVERSE on the paper side of the fusible web. Cut out the piece of web, about 1/4” larger than your traced lines. If you’d like, trim the fusible to within 1/4” of cutting line to reduce the layers, then PRESS to the wrong side of appliqué fabric, following manufacturer’s instructions for that product. Cut out shape on the drawn lines, using long, smooth cuts with your scissors.
Pros: Depending on the brand, gives a nice clean, bonded edge to the shape. Once pressed to foundation, is not easily moved.
Cons: Cannot be moved without leaving residue. Can gum up the needle, if not "sewable" product used. Can give a heavy, plasticky feel to the appliqué shape (again depends on the brand).
Cost: Minimal for 12” to 17” product in sheets, packages, or by the yard.
NOTE: This is also the preferred method when cutting out shapes with a fabric die cutter such as AccuQuilt systems.
Here are a few more OPTIONS:
CUT OUT: Simply cut out a piece of fabric in the design you like.
Pros: Fabric is flexible, and may be repositioned any number of times. Best results for frayed-edge appliqué.
Cons: Edges may fray, piece may slip, fabric may stretch or pucker when stitched.
Pros: Appliqué pieces hold shape, and may be repositioned. Washes out completely. Very cost effective.
Cons: Time consuming to prepare and starch fabrics.
Pros: May be repositioned. Keeps appliqué pieces in place, permanently or temporarily.
Cons: Need to spray outside or somewhere with good ventilation. Overexposure/fumes may cause side effects. Can overspray. A bit costly.
STRAIGHT STITCH: (Edge Stitch)
For an Edge-Stitch, sew about 1/8-inch from the raw edge of your appliqué. Try using a Blind Hem foot, with a guide in the middle of the foot which follows the edge of the appliqué. Move your sewing machine needle position to the right or left as far as the foot allows. Produces a consistent stitching line from the edge of your piece, but can be tricky on curves.
STRAIGHT STITCH: (Rag-Edge)
For that wonderful shabby look, stitch 1/4” to 1/2” away from the edge of your appliqué. Use the edge of the sewing machine foot as a guide. Clip edges if desired, then brush out or wash quilt to get that homey frayed-rag look.
Most machines today come with an overcast or blanket stitch. Stitch a test to determine the width and length desired. For the best look, again be sure that the outline stitch goes off the edge of the appliqué piece into the foundation fabric.
And that will do it for today. Next step... what to do with these lovelies?? Make more for a whole quilt?
Possibly, but wouldn't they make great Hottie Pot Holders? That's a whole 'nother tutorial... Check back with my BLOG (Quiltscapes) in a day or two... Meanwhile,